Vocational Education

Once pupils have completed compulsory fulltime schooling – generally when they reach the age of 15 – they have the opportunity to move into upper secondary education. The type of school entered depends on the qualifications and entitlements obtained at the end of lower secondary education. Pupils can choose between different courses: full time general education and vocational schools, as well as vocational training within the Dual System.

The following types of general and vocational education are offered in Germany:

• Gymnasium Grammar School
• Berufsschule training and education at companies and part time vocational schools (Dual System)
• Berufsfachschule Full time Vocational School
• Fachoberschule Technical Secondary School
• Berufsoberschule Upper Vocational School

Vocational Education at the BBZ am Nord-Ostsee-Kanal

Dual Vocational Training / Berufsschule (Duales System)
The system is called “dual” because education and training are provided at two places of learning: In companies and in part-time vocational schools. This is the main type of vocational training in Germany; more than 60% of an age-group are involved in dual vocational training. Training in individual occupations is governed by training directives. At present there are about 350 recognized occupations for which the Federal
Government has issued training directives. Whether or not students can enter the Berufsschule does not rely on their marks but on their training contract with a company that employs them. An apprenticeship in the Dual System usually lasts between 2 and 3,5 years, depending on the trained profession. At our courses we offer a large variety of courses in the Dual System.

  •  Mechanics - Car mechanic, industrial mechanic, sheet metal worker, plumbing and heating etc.
  •  Electronics - Electrician for industry and crafts, etc.
  •  Construction - Carpenter, bricklayer, road worker, etc.
  •  Wood and Timber Technology - Joiner, timber technology
  •  Painting - Painter
  •  Personal Hygiene - Hairdresser
  •  Food and Domestic economy - Butcher, backer, etc.
  •  Information Technology
  •  Agriculture - Farmer, etc.

Berufsvorbereitungsjahr (BVJ)
The Berufsvorbereitungsjahr at our school prepares young people who do not have a training contract for future professions. Aim is to help them choose a career and providing them with vocational training in
the form of full time instruction designed to provide an introduction to one or two occupational fields. Many students in the Berufsvorbereitungsjahr don’t have a school-leaving certificate and take an examination
at Secondary General School level after this year .

Full-time vocational school/Berufsfachschule
The Berufsfachschule is a full-time vocational school offering a wide range of branches and courses of varying duration. It prepares and trains students in a specific vocational field. At our schools we offer
courses in construction, mechanics, and electronics. Students who finish the Berufsfachschule successfully graduate with a certificate equal to graduation from Intermediate School (Realschule). After leaving Berufsfachschule most students start an apprenticeship in the Dual System.

Technical Secondary School / Fachoberschule (FOS)
An Intermediate School certificate or a recognized equivalent is required for entry to this type of school. Full time attendance is necessary for at least one year. The certificate awarded on successful completion
qualifies its holder for studies at a Fachhochschulen (University of Applied Sciences). Our Technical Secondary School covers mechanics, construction, electronics and agriculture.

Upper Vocational School / Berufsoberschule (BOS)
Vocational School at upper secondary level only exists in a few federal states. Students who have successfully completed vocational training in the Dual System the Technical Secondary School have the opportunity to obtain a higher education entrance qualification. The Upper Vocational School leads to a qualification for university entrance.